Profits keep pouring into the pockets of the few as the majority of peasants and their families endure worsening landlessness and land grabs amid a pandemic.
Farmers who assert land rights are faced with attacks either from local landlords, big corporations, and even government agencies. Peasant killings and other forms of brutalities against farmers happen on a daily basis.
In the past years, we have also witnessed the strengthening domination of corporations over the agriculture and food sector. We have seen mega-mergers and multi-billion deals between companies that have control over the seed market, agrochemicals, fertilizers, farm equipment and machineries, and the entire chain of food production. Conglomerates today have a tighter control of the world’s food production and distribution. They have made a profitable empire while trampling upon the lives and livelihoods of farming families and the rural people.
Deepening poverty ravages the world’s countryside as appropriate, indigenous, and collective knowledge and practices on agriculture are suppressed by agrochemical transnationals. Employing the most compassionate words and imageries, these monopolies violently impose their economic models over the peoples of the world for the singular purpose of maximizing profits. The toiling people of rural areas are increasingly cut off from their own countrymen as imported seeds, inputs, machines, and agricultural products deluge their local markets. At the same time, through coercion or force, peasants are increasingly “integrated” into the “global value chain” as cheap sources of raw materials and docile labor, and as captive dependent markets. As the people’s food sovereignty is continually undermined, there can be no genuine rural development.
Yet, even during the pandemic, we have seen the rising up of people’s movements to assert democratic and socio-economic rights. Mass protests and people’s strikes have swelled across countries. In Asia, the largest mobilizations we have seen in recent months are of India’s farmers, taking to the streets in hundreds of millions, to oppose and protest neoliberal agricultural laws that will make them more vulnerable to a few powerful corporations.
We are alarmed that ongoing efforts to address the rising global hunger and poverty through the upcoming UN Food Systems Summit will only end up in legitimizing and further advancing tighter imperialist control over food and agriculture. The overall direction that the preparations and discussions by those leading the UN Summit are leading towards the greater use of harmful and contentious technology like genetic engineering and digital agriculture. Solely motivated by maximum profits, these technologies are designed to consolidate and expand the presence and powers of big agribusiness in determining how the world should produce food.
In contrast, there are no meaningful discussions or even space to address the structural issues underlying hunger and poverty such as the landlessness and lack of effective control over the means of production by farmers and other rural sectors that directly produce the world’s food. Instead, the push in the UN Summit is to further expand monopoly capital and profits through greater liberalization, privatization, and deregulation that will drive hundreds of millions of farmers and rural people into more landlessness, bankruptcy, and impoverishment.
Thus, we call on the courageous peasant movements in Asia to organize and mobilize for our own people’s summit together with other marginalized and oppressed sectors that suffer the gravest hunger and poverty because of imperialist control and domination over the world’s food and agriculture. We must create our own spaces and assert our own voice in how a radical transformation of food and agricultural systems can and should take place.
We will actively support and lead the Global People’s Summit for Just, Equitable, Healthy and Sustainable Food Systems that would bring to the fore the peasant’s aspirations and struggles for land and genuine agrarian reform. For the people’s summit to truly make an impact, it must be built on an ever-growing and strengthening peasant and people’s movements on the ground fighting for systemic change that will pave the way for development that is truly for the people and truly sustainable.
Farmers and peasants can settle for nothing less than genuine land reform and rural development towards the true transformation of the world’s food systems. We recognize that the key to this transformation are solid people’s organizations and a global mass movement, the only real spring of change amid a decaying world order.
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This APC statement is endorsed by the following organisations:
Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD)
Asia Pacific Research Network (APRN)
Asian Rural Women’s Coalition (ARWC)
Coalition of Agricultural Workers International (CAWI)
Indigenous Peoples’ Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL)
PAN Asia Pacific (PANAP)
People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS)
Youth for Food Sovereignty
Agroecology X, Philippines
Alliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria, Indonesia
Alyansa ng Magbubukid sa Gitnang Luzon, Philippines
Andhra Pradesh Vyavsaya Vruthidarula Union (APVVU), India
Apit-Tako Cordillera, Philippines
Asha Parivar, India
Bangladesh Resource Center for Indigenous Knowledge (BARCIK)
Cambodian Center for Study and Development in Agriculture (CEDAC)
Centre for Human Rights and Development (CHRD), Mongolia
Coalition of Cambodian Farmers Community (CCFC)
Danggayan Dagiti Mannalon ti Cagayan Valley (Cagayan Valley Peasant Alliance), Philippines
E Consumer, Korea
Gita Pertiwi, Indonesia
Good Clean Cart, Philippines
Green Foundation, India
Humabol Bohol, Philippines
Human Development Organization (HDO), Sri Lanka
Ibon Foundation, Philippines
Jharkhand Nagrik Manch, India
Kasama Bukidnon, Philippines
Kasama TK, Philippines
Kilusang Magbubukid ng Bikol, Philippines
KMP Bikol, Philippines
KMP Negros, Philippines
KMP Socsargends, Philippines
Labour Resource Center, Bangladesh
Magsasaka at Siyentipiko para sa Pag-unlad ng Agrikultura (MASIPAG), Philippines
Mansa Punjab farmers and Punjab State Socialist Party, India
National Agricultural Workers Forum, India
National Federation of Peasant Women in the Philippines (Amihan)
National Fisheries Solidarity Organization (NAFSO), Sri Lanka
NNARA Youth, Philippines
North South Initiative, Malaysia
Pakistan Kissan Mazdoor Tehreek
Pamanggas Panay, Philippines
PAN Aotearoa, New Zealand
Philippine Network of Food Security Programmes (PNFSP)
Rastria Vyavasaya Vruthidarula Sangam, India
Rihai Manch, India
Roots for Equity, Pakistan
Roshni Tariqiyati Tanzeem, Pakistan
Rural Women’s Liberation Movement, India
Rural Workers Movement, India
Sagupa SB, Philippines
Save our Schools Network, Philippines
Save San Roque, Philippines
Serikat Perempuan Indonesia (SERUNI)
Shikha Shastha Unnayan Karzakram (SHISUK), Bangladesh
Socialist Kisan Sabha, India
Socialist Party, India
Society for Rural Education and Development, India
Society for the Rights of Indigenous People in Sarawak (SCRIPS), Malaysia
State Alliance of people’s Movement, India
Stop Exploitation Ilocos, Philippines
Sudanese Consumers Protection Society (SCPS)
Synergy for Sustainable Development, Philippines
Tamil Nadu Dalit Women’s Movement, India
Tamil Nadu Women’s Forum, India
Tanggol Magsasaka, Philippines
Vikalpani National Federation, Sri Lanka
Women’s Coalition for Change, India